Types of Patent Documents

Patents, in addition to being a mechanism for the protection of inventions, are a fundamental source of technological information.

There are three basic types of patent documents:

-The application.
-The patent granted.
-The report on the state of the art.

The application describes the invention as filed by the inventor with a national or regional patent office. Most offices publish applications within 18 months of filing, before knowing whether the patent is going to be granted or not as stated in article.

The granted patent is the document that describes the invention as it will be protected, after the application has gone through all the stages of the granting process. During the process, the application may be subject to modifications.

The state of the art report is a document written by the patent office for each application. The report contains citations from other patent documents or other literature (scientific and technical articles, catalogs, monographs, doctoral theses, etc.), which, at the examiner’s discretion, are related to the application in order to determine its novelty and activity inventiveness. In most cases, this report is published associated with the application, although it is also possible to find it as a separate document.

From the legal point of view, the most important document is that of the granted patent, in so far as the claims contained therein are those that define the scope of patent protection.

But, from the technical point of view, the most important document is the application document, since it is the first to disclose the content of the invention, and together with the report on the state of the art they provide information on its novelty, inventive activity and on the state of the art in which it affects. There are agencies that can help you out when you are just starting out as an inventor.

Taking into account these differences between patent documents is important when determining the relevant search strategy, according to the objectives of exploitation of the information, one or the other will be used.

By |2021-07-15T15:40:03+00:00July 14th, 2021|Business, Law|0 Comments

The Patent Process

The patent legal system is designed to provide government protection to inventors for their new scientific and technological contribution to society. Patents are an exclusive right the federal government grants to the inventors of new and useful machines, articles, substances, or processes.

Prior Art Search

While the Patent and Trademark Office does not require an applicant to conduct research before submitting the patent application, it makes a lot of sense the applicant to do so. That is because the prior art search can give the applicant a good idea whether or not his idea is patentable.

An experienced patent attorney or a patent agency, such as Invent Help, will always conduct of prior art search before starting a patent application. This will help the patent attorney better define the scope of the patent and allow him to anticipate objections from the patent examination. Importantly, an experienced patent examiner will not limit his prior art search to only United States patents.

He will also search international patents, most importantly Japan and Europe, and he will also search non-patent sources. Non-patent sources would include items like periodicals, books, and the Internet. Notably, the PTO can use the applicant’s own prior art against the current application.

The first official step in the patent process is when a patent applicant files a patent application in the Patent and Trademark Office.

The application must fully describe the invention and enable one of ordinary skill in the art to make and use the invention. The application typically includes a complete description of the invention, claims defining the invention, and a drawing further illuminating the nature of the invention.

Once the United States PTO receives a patent application, the application will go to an examiner in the relevant technical field.

Patent examiners have technical training in many different fields, and each application is assigned to an examiner who is knowledgeable in that particular type of technology.

The patent examiner performs a search to see if the same or similar technology has already been claimed in a patent or publicly disclosed in other types of publications. The patent attorney will disclose relevant prior art to the patent examiner. Even though the patent attorney has no obligation to conduct a prior art search before submitting the patent application, he must submit any known relevant prior art as was stated in this article as well.

Once the patent examiner has completed his own prior art search of American and foreign patents, publications, and all other relevant sources, and has reviewed the patent application for all other formal and technical requirements, he will communicate his decision to the patent attorney. This decision will come in the form of an Office Action.

By |2021-07-12T16:25:22+00:00July 11th, 2021|Business, Law|0 Comments

Find The Perfect Litigation Attorney

If you own real estate and are being made the subject of a lawsuit, finding the best Vancouver Real Estate Litigation attorney should be at the top of your priorities. The biggest mistake you could make in such matters is to work with just any attorney you come across. The best decision you can make is to hire the best real estate litigation.

Instances That Require Legal Action

If your tenants feel that you wrongfully evicted them, they will rush to the Vancouver courts to file a wrongful eviction motion. In such a case, you will need assistance and expertise of an law firm to help you win the following lawsuit. Similarly, a tenant who feels that he was wrongfully evicted is also free to use the Vancouver real estate litigation services.

Some sellers are possibly being untruthful to buyers during the sale of a piece of property. A buyer who feels deceived or shortchanged can take legal measures against the deceptive or insincere seller. The services of an attorney with expertise in real estate litigation Vancouver would be necessary to file lawsuits regarding deceptive or unfair trade practices by a buyer against a seller.

Breach of Contract also falls within the ambits of an attorney specializing in real estate litigation. For example, when a tenant believes that the property owner increased the rent illegally, rather than feeling a sense of despair and despondency, he can file a lawsuit in any Vancouver court to force the owner to lower the rent to the previous figure.

Other instances where the services of an attorney specializing in real estate litigation would be necessary, include matters regarding property purchases, foreclosures and boundary disputes, among others.

By |2019-11-09T16:37:08+00:00November 9th, 2019|Law, Real Estate|0 Comments

Hire a Real Estate Attorney When Buying a Home

When a buyer is not familiar with the process and would want to get rid of the tedious and meticulous details of processing the application for mortgage to the processing of closing costs in Vancouver, it would be best to use a real estate attorney and save on time and cost in the long run. You just have to get a lawyer with a reasonable rate.

Sometimes lawyers tend to charge exorbitant fees when they know that the buyer does not have any idea about the buying process. They make things appear complicated to justify the costs. You wouldn’t want to fall into this trap. Hence, it will be best to do your own research and know the right questions to ask as you negotiate to avail the services of a real estate lawyer.

There are reasonable and honest lawyers who will really help you through the process and because of experience and their influence they can sometimes solve some concerns like credit report ratings, subject removal BC and the like. These are important factors that can affect the approval of a mortgage and it would be best to handle them before applying for that loan. With this step, you are sure that the results will be favorable. Such advice can be given by a real estate lawyer and he has ways to handle your concern before it becomes a problem for the approval process.

With a real estate lawyer beside you, you can also be sure that your interest is protected. He will be asking the right questions and can even negotiate for a lower price from the seller especially that he will have an idea of comparable and competitive sales in the area. The agent’s commission may also be transferred to your shoulders without you knowing it. In these cases, a real estate lawyer will be of great help and assistance. The money that can be saved for a better deal can be justified to be given reasonably to your lawyer.

It is important to note though that you should be in control of the whole process. It will be best to be there when important transactions or negotiations are handled so you know the whole picture and not just rely on the recommendations of your lawyer. You can also suggest and make your judgments for consideration to some critical decision elements.

Being in control is important to make sure that you will not be wasting your resources for a minimum effort exerted in the closing of the deal. It will be wise to know why you have to sign the documents because you were there during the major parts of the buying process.

By |2019-11-09T16:34:45+00:00November 9th, 2019|Law, Real Estate|0 Comments

Construction Lawyer’s Job: An Overview

Construction lawyers in Vancouver work on various aspects related to building constructions. They need to handle many things starting from bidding by developers to workers’ compensation. Checking land contracts and building contracts are also included in the work list of a construction lawyer.

Qualification of a Construction Lawyer

Construction lawyers are no different from other lawyers. They need to complete four years in a college and a law school. Once they get their degree they need to pass the BAR examination in order to obtain certification to practice construction law.

Skills of a Construction Lawyer

Construction lawyers should be aware of the ins and outs of Vancouver  construction law. They should have a good understanding of the industry. They should possess good communication skill. They need to be very organized. A construction lawyer may have to work for long and work at odd hours.

Basic Works of Construction Lawyer

Before a project begins a construction lawyer Vancouver needs to ensure that all the bases have been covered. They need to make sure that houses and commercial buildings are built on lands that have been sanctioned for development. A construction lawyer also sees to it that a project has the required financial backing.

By |2019-11-09T16:32:51+00:00November 9th, 2019|Law, Real Estate|0 Comments

Family Lawyers – Helping You Handle Your Issues

Family Law Attorneys better known as family lawyers are in huge demand in Vancouver these days due the ever increasing divorce rates and family conflicts. Divorce and child custody are the two major issues handled by the family law attorneys. However, they can handle any type of cases or litigations related to home or family. They deal with issues related to adoption, prenuptial agreement, paternity agreements and marriage annulments. The family lawyers also handle cases related to wills and trusts.

There are many law schools where one can apply to become a family law attorney. A person has to complete his four year undergraduate degree to be able to apply to the Law College or university. You can apply to any law school of your preference or which suits your needs. The law degree consists of three years of intense training programs and courseware.

Nowadays, many law schools are providing their students clinical experience where students represent families who cannot afford legal services. They can help them after obtaining a license from the attorneys. The student has to clear a special exam after he has completed his law education. This exam is called the bar exam. He can then start taking up cases once he passes this exam and the determination of his moral character is completed.

lawyer for family conflicts

The fresh and inexperienced lawyers mostly practice with established law firms or lawyers for the first few years. They can also give a certification exam which makes them a specialist in a particular section. Very few lawyers start their own practice as they pass out of college. The income of family law attorneys usually ranges from 30,000 million dollars a year to millions of dollars a year. His earning capacity depends on the locality where he is practicing or the type of cases he is handling.

You can find Vancouver family lawyers in many ways. You can search online for any information or service. You can also ask for some reference from your relatives or friends. This is the safest and the easiest way to find a family law attorney. You can also find contact details of many lawyers in the directory. It is important that you assure yourself completely before hiring any lawyer. It is not necessary to hire the lawyer you meet first.

You can meet several lawyers and then decide for yourself whom you want to hire. However, you have to discuss your issues with all the lawyers you meet but make sure that they keep your information confidential even if you don’t hire them. Thus, this is all the important information you need to know about family law attorneys.

By |2019-11-09T16:28:31+00:00November 9th, 2019|Law|0 Comments

Why use a conveyancing solicitor?

When you have decided to buy a property, there are some important things that you will have to think about. From the buyer’s point of view, the conveyancing is done mainly in five stages. These five stages include the pre-contractual stage, the act of exchanging contracts between both parties, the period between exchange of contracts and completion; then comes completion, and finally the stage after completion.

Most major cities in Canada like Vancouver have a quality range of experienced conveyancing solicitors.

Those buying home would invest in a conveyancing solicitor to ensure that they are seen as the legal owners of the land and the property resting on it. A good solicitor would be able to spot any discrepancies which could potentially impede a sale, such as the seller not being the legal owner of the property.

It is important to take your time when selecting a conveyancing solicitor Vancouver to represent you. Some conveyancing solicitors will offer guarantees such as no move, no fee, online case tracking and no hidden charges. It is certainly worth searching online for local solicitors to have a browse around for the best deals for you and your family. However, most home-owners are just keen to select a solicitor who can do their job in a quick, efficient and cost-effective manner.

A typical conveyancing process can take around 12 weeks to complete. However, this can dramatically vary depending on several legal, personal social and financial factors.

Moving home can be a stressful experience at the best of times. Many people are keen to hire the most experienced conveyancing solicitors in the market so that they can reduce this stress as much as possible.

By |2019-11-09T16:31:22+00:00November 8th, 2019|Law, Real Estate|0 Comments